Enfermería frente a la COVID-19. Un estudio cualitativo sobre cuidados en primera línea en Cáceres (España)
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Palabras clave

Enfermería
Covid-19
Fenomenología
Narrative Evidence Based Medicine

Resumen

El impacto de la pandemia de Covid-19 se ha narrado a partir de las cifras de morbimortalidad en muertes, días de enfermedad o discapacidad. Pero los censos de morbimortalidad no alcanzan a describir la totalidad del impacto de la enfermedad en la vida de pacientes, familiares y profesionales de la salud. Este trabajo, de naturaleza cualitativa, persigue analizar las experiencias de enfermeras que estuvieron en primera línea durante la primavera de 2020. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a un total de 19 participantes, desde un enfoque empírico de naturaleza fenomenológica y un análisis temático de los relatos. El estudio se realizó en la ciudad de Cáceres del 1 de septiembre de 2020 y el 10 de enero de 2021. Los participantes fueron reclutados a través de un muestreo intencional y de bola de nieve hasta la saturación de la información recabada. Cinco grandes categorías temáticas analíticas emergen: 1) Condiciones laborales; 2) Impacto en el ámbito emocional; 3) Impacto en el ámbito social; 4) Estrategias de afrontamiento; 5) Identidad profesional. Los relatos de experiencia constituyen un tipo de evidencia imprescindible con la que analizar las relaciones entre contexto laboral y experiencia, ofreciendo material para poder examinar carencias y definir planes de mejora.

https://doi.org/10.24253/anr.v5i1.35
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Derechos de autor 2022 David Conde-Caballero, Jara Bonilla-Bermejo, Jerónimo Luengo-Polo, Borja Rivero-Jimenez, Lorenzo Mariano-Juarez